Full name and orig. publication: Orchadocarpa Ridl., J. Straits Branch Roy. Asiat. Soc. 44: 78 (July 1905).
Etymology: From the Greek όρχις, orchis = testicle, and καρπος, karpos = fruit, in allusion to the nearly globose fruit.
Infrafamilial position: Didymocarpoid Gesneriaceae - "Advanced Asiatic and Malesian genera" (Weber 2004).
Description: Subacaulescent herbs. Leaves opposite, radiating; petiole long, lamina elliptical-ovate, margin serrate, hairy. Cymes long-pedunculate, flowers several. Sepals free almost to base, hairy. Corolla lilac-blue to violet; with dark blue and yellow patches in the throat, tube short and broad, limb bilabiate, lower lip much longer than the upper, lobes rounded. Stamens 2, shortly exsert, anthers reniform, coherent. Nectary unknown (lacking?). Ovary subglobose-ovoid, short. Capsule straight, very short (shorter than the persisting sepals), oblong, slightly beaked.
Chromosome number: Unknown.
Type and only species: Orchadocarpa lilacina Ridl.
Species names (incl. publication and synonyms): See Skog, L.E. & J.K. Boggan. 2005: World checklist of Gesneriaceae: http://persoon.si.edu/Gesneriaceae/Checklist.
Distribution: Malay Peninsula (Main Range).
Ecology: Occurring in montane forests, on acid soil.
Notes: The genus/species is still little known.
Bibliography: See Skog, L.E. & J.K. Boggan. 2005. Bibliography of the Gesneriaceae. 2nd edition: http://persoon.si.edu/Gesneriaceae/Bibliography.
Orchadocarpa lilacina Ridl., only species
M.R. Henderson, Malay. Wildflowers 2, fig. 335 (1950/1974)
last modified: 2007-01-05