Full name and orig. publication: Rhabdothamnopsis Hemsl., J. Linn. Soc. Bot. 35: 517 (31 Oct. 1903).
Etymology: Composed of the generic name Rhabdothamnus and the Greek suffix όψις, opsis = looking like, similar to; alluding to the similarity with that genus.
Infrafamilial position: Didymocarpoid Gesneriaceae - "Advanced Asiatic and Malesian genera" (Weber 2004).
Description: Small shrubs to 0,5 m tall, branched at base, stems sub-quadrangular, slightly woody. Leaves opposite, shortly petiolate or subsessile, lamina obliquely elliptic to (ob)ovate, denticulate or crenate, upper surface sparsely puberulous, lower surface glabrous. Flowers solitary in leaf axils; peduncle slender. Sepals free, linear-lanceolate. Corolla purple, tubular to funnel-shaped, bilabiate, upper lip 2-lobed, lower lip 3-lobed, lobes ovate-orbicular. Stamens 2; filaments inserted below middle of corolla tube, included; anthers coherent, locules confluent at apex; staminodes 2. Nectary annular. Ovary slender cylindrical, glandular pubescent; style linear, glandular puberulous; stigma capitate. Capsule spirally twisted.
Chromosome number: Unknown.
Type and only species: Rhabdothamnopsis sinensis Hemsl.
Species names (incl. publication and synonyms): See Skog, L.E. & J.K. Boggan. 2005: World checklist of Gesneriaceae: http://persoon.si.edu/Gesneriaceae/Checklist.
Distribution: S China (C & N Yunnan, W Guizhou, SW Sichuan).
Ecology: In dense forests, at streamsides in forested areas, and in thickets along roadsides, 1600-2200(-4600)m.
Notes: Franchet (1899) described the species independently as Streptocarpus chinensis: it has the tubular flower and twisted fruit of Streptocarpus, but, apart from the distribution, the flowers are axillary and the twiggy habit is quite distinctive.
Selected references: Wang et al. in Wu & Raven (eds.), Fl. China 18: 371(1998) (Chinese sp.).
Bibliography: See Skog, L.E. & J.K. Boggan. 2005. Bibliography of the Gesneriaceae. 2nd edition: http://persoon.si.edu/Gesneriaceae/Bibliography.
Rhabdothamnopsis sinensis Hemsl., type and only species
Ying T.S. et al., The endemic genera of seed plants in China, Fig. 124 (1993); with permission.
Rhabdothamnopsis sinensis Hemsl., as Rh. chinensis (Franch.) Hand.Mazz. var. chinensis
Li Z.Y. & Wang Y.Z., Plants of Gesneriaceae in China, Fig. 1.325 and 1.326 (2004); with permission.
last modified: 2007-07-13